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In the 14th century friars came to Newport where they built an isolation hospital for infectious diseases.After its closure the hospital lived on in the place name "Spitty Fields" (a corruption of ysbyty, the Welsh for hospital).John Frost Square (1977), in the centre of the city, is named in his honour.Newport probably had a Welsh-speaking majority until the 1830s, but with a large influx of migrants from England and Ireland over the following decades, the town and the rest of Monmouthshire came to be seen as "un-Welsh", a view compounded by ambiguity about the status of Monmouthshire.It was buried in rubble excavated from the Hillfield railway tunnels that were dug under Stow Hill in the 1840s and no part of it is currently visible.and was granted a second one, by Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford in 1385.John Frost was sentenced to death for treason, but this was later commuted to transportation to Australia.
The Normans arrived from around 1088–1093 to build the first Newport Castle and river crossing downstream from Caerleon and the first Norman Lord of Newport was Robert Fitzhamon.Newport was the site of the last large-scale armed insurrection in Britain, the Newport Rising of 1839 led by the Chartists. The City of Newport, which includes some surrounding rural areas as well as the built up area, is governed by Newport City Council.During the 20th century, when the docks declined in importance, Newport remained an important manufacturing and engineering centre. Bronze Age fishermen settled around the fertile estuary of the River Usk and later the Celtic Silures built hillforts overlooking it.These were transported down local rivers and the new canals to ports such as Newport, and Newport Docks grew rapidly as a result.Newport became one of the largest towns in Wales and the focus for the new industrial eastern valleys of South Wales.